Pearls are a classic and timeless gemstone that have been prized for centuries. They come in a variety of shapes, sizes, colours and types – each with their own unique characteristics. Depending on the type of pearl, they can vary greatly in shape, colour, size and lustre. The most popular pearl types include freshwater, Tahitian, South Sea and Akoya pearls. Here is an overview of the most common types of pearls.

Freshwater Pearls

Freshwater pearls can be found in rivers or lakes around the world but primarily originate from Asia. These lustrous gems range in size from 2mm to 12mm with some exceptions reaching up to 20mm! Their colour palette is vast including ivory cream, golden yellow, rose pink or even black! Freshwater pearls tend to have an irregular shape compared to other pearl varieties making them one-of-a-kind pieces ideal for creating unique jewellery designs.

They come in various shapes such as round, oval, baroque or semi-baroque (irregularly shaped). These are one of the most popular types due to their affordability compared to other kinds. The shine may not be as brilliant as higher quality varieties but these still make for beautiful pieces at an accessible price point.

Tahitian Pearls

Also known as ‘Black South Sea’ these impressive gems grow naturally off the coast of French Polynesia (near Tahiti) so they have limited availability compared to other kinds of pearl jewellery. Typically ranging from 8–18 mm they boast deep tones such as peacock green and midnight blue - sometimes even purple!

Their natural beauty continues inside where stunning iridescent overtones can be seen when exposed under bright light; adding extra depth & character - no two stones will ever look alike! With a high rate nacre coverage (the substance that makes up the surface layer) it can give off luminescent overtones which add depth when viewed under light - truly stunning!

South Sea Pearls

Found near Australia & Indonesia these large sized beauties typically measure between 9–22 mm although occasionally specimens above 22 mm have been reported too – making them one of largest natural occurring gems available today! Often referred to as ‘White Gold’ due its creamy white shade which blends perfectly against any skin tone; however softer pastel colours such as silver grey/pink/golden honey may also occur depending on water temperature during cultivation season plus many more shades.

Thanks to having much thicker layers than others gives them superior lustre making them highly desired by fine jewellers all around world - they don't come cheap however so if you're looking for something special this would definitely fit the bill!

Akoya Pearl

Grown mostly off Japan's coastlines (as well other parts East Asia), Akoya pearls consist of generally smaller sizes yet still remain high quality and lustrous thanks largely owing towards accurately monitored farming techniques used today alongside strict grading criteria set out by certifiers like GIA. Their characteristic creamy white hue along with subtle hints peach/rose has made them sought after both jewellery makers customers alike especially those who prefer more traditional look their pieces without compromising quality standards too much either way – great choice anyone searching elegance simplicity combined into same package!

These sought after connoisseur grade pearls usually reach sizes 3–8 mm maximum (though larger specimens do exist if you look carefully enough) while boasting distinct glossy surface textures plus vibrant hue's varying between white, silver & goldish tints.

With so many different types of pearls to choose from, it can be hard to decide which one is right for you. But no matter what type of pearl you prefer, there's something special about each one. Our shop offers an amazing selection of stunning and unique pieces with Freshwater Pearls that will make the perfect addition to any jewellery collection. So why not take a look today and treat yourself (or someone else) with the beauty & elegance only pearls can bring!

Oskar Barczak